Effects of physical exercise on the episodic memory in healthy elderly chileans

  • Norma López Universidad de los Lagos, Chile
  • Alex Véliz Universidad de los Lagos, Chile
  • Ricardo Allegri Departamento de Neurología Cognitiva, Instituto de Investigaciones Neurológicas Raúl Carrea (FLENI). Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Marcio Soto-Añari Universidad Católica San Pablo de Arequipa, Perú
  • Sergio Chesta Universidad Mayor, Chile
  • Juan Carlos Coronado Universidad Católica de Temuco, Chile
Keywords: Physical exercise, old age, episodic memory, sedentary lifestyle

Abstract

Our objective was to analyze the effect of a regular physical activity program on the verbal and visuospatial episodic memory on mentally healthy elderly Chileans. Participated 74 elderly women without cognitive impairment – divided into an intervention group = 34 elderly women, who carried out physical activity for six months; and a control group = 40 sedentary women. We used the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), and the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT) for the evaluation of the episodic memory. Analysis were performed inter- and intra-group with t student and d of Cohen to measure the effect size of t-tests. The results showed statistically significant differences in the post-test between the Intervention Group (IG) and Control Group (CG); noticing better yields in the verbal and visual episodic memory of the IG with a large size effect. It is concluded that regular physical activity increases the processing capacity, retention, and evocation of the verbal and visual episodic information in healthy elderly women.

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Published
2015-06-30
How to Cite
López, N., Véliz, A., Allegri, R., Soto-Añari, M., Chesta, S., & Coronado, J. C. (2015, June 30). Effects of physical exercise on the episodic memory in healthy elderly chileans. LIBERABIT. Revista Peruana De Psicología, 21(1), 81 - 89. Retrieved from http://revistaliberabit.com/index.php/Liberabit/article/view/288
Section
Research articles