Evaluación psicométrica inicial del Cuestionario de Pensamiento Perseverativo en universitarios peruanos

Palabras clave: análisis factorial, salud mental, procesos mentales, pruebas psicológicas, estudio de validación

Resumen

Antecedentes: El Cuestionario de Pensamiento Perseverativo (PTQ) es una medida global del pensamiento negativo repetitivo, una dimensión transdiagnóstica central de la salud mental. Objetivos: Este estudio buscó examinar la estructura factorial, la confiabilidad y la evidencia de validez asociativa del PTQ en estudiantes universitarios peruanos. También se propuso una versión corta. Método: Los datos de 240 estudiantes universitarios (Medad = 20.33, 59 % mujeres) se evaluaron con análisis factorial confirmatorio. Después de encontrar la mejor estructura factorial, se estimó la confiabilidad con el coeficiente omega. La correlación entre la variable latente del PTQ y la fusión cognitiva se examinó como evidencia de validez asociativa. Adicionalmente, se seleccionaron seis ítems para crear una versión corta. Resultados: El PTQ demostró ser esencialmente unidimensional, ya que se obtuvo un ajuste aceptable mediante el modelo de un factor con tres correlaciones entre errores (CFI = .945; RMSEA = .079). La fiabilidad fue alta (ω = .927). La correlación entre el PTQ y la fusión cognitiva fue muy grande (φ = .876). Se encontraron resultados similares para la versión corta. Conclusión: El PTQ es una medida esencialmente unidimensional; por lo tanto, solo se debe calcular una puntuación global. La validez asociativa debe examinarse más a fondo en futuros estudios.

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Publicado
2020-12-08